Category: Touch up your grammar.

Inclusives ! and Clauses

inclusive : Not only….but also, both..and, as well as. All means in addition to/besides. Parallel forms are required. Not  only……but also. Heera is not only talented but also handsome, he writes not only correctly but also neatly. As well as. Heera is talented as well as handsome. Shambu composes music as well as writes lyrics….

Subjunctive verbs !

subjunctive:  simple form of the  verb when used after certain verbs indicating that  one person wants another person to do something. Advise, ask, command, decree, demand, insist, move, order, prefer, propose, recommend, request, require, stipulate, suggest, urge are followed by that. And next verb in the sentence should be in simple form.  We urge that…

Clause !

​relative clauses:   The relative pronoun: that/which(things), who/whom(people),whose(usually people). In speaking, that can be used for people but not in formal written English.  restrictive and non restrictive clauses: Restrictive: weeds that float to the surface should be removed before they decay. (only those that float to the surface) Nonrestrictive: my car, which is very large,…

Voice and causative verbs

. voice: is destroyed/was destroyed, is/are/were being destroyed, has/have/had been destroyed, modal(should)+be +pp, modal(should)+perfect. A great deal of property is destroyed by hurricanes each year. Several new proposals are being considered by committee. These contracts should be signed by the manager today.  Causative verbs: A (one person) causes B(a second person) to do something for…

Cause, effects and more 

enough with adjectives, adverbs and nouns: Adjective/adverb + enough   Are these cookies crisp enough? Hari speaks Japanese well enough to be an language mediator. Cold enough, bad enough Enough+ noun. Do you have enough  sugar for the cake? Enough money…etc.  cause connectors: because / because of. I ate a lot because I was hungry….

Some pronouns 

​sequence  of tenses: Present tense(main clause) is followed by present progressive/will,can or may +verb/past tense/present perfect(dependent clause) I see that Ranju is playing chess. He says that he will work for  the good hospital. I know that she is going to marry with him. Mena says that she can read English paper. I hope he…

Dangling Participles !

dangling participles(illogical participle modifiers) After jumping out of a boat, the shark bit the man.(incorrect) After jumping out of the boat, the man was bitten by the shark. By, upon, before, after, while are some of the prepositions preceding the participles. After preparing the dinner, Michael will read a book. By working whole day, we…

Comparisons!

unequal comparisons: higher than, more comfortable than. Far more expensive than, much less interesting than, much sweeter than, much more artistically, far better than, as much/many/little/few as, more/less/fewer than( their job allows them less freedom than ours) illogical comparisons: The salary of a professor is higher than that of a secretary/than secretary’s. classes in the…

Adverbs

Adverbs Adverbs: modify verbs(except linking verbs), adjectives or other adverbs. Most descriptive adjectives +ly= adverbs. Quiet+ly=quietly. Adverbs answers the question: how….?= carefully/fluently/too much/very well fast etc. So,very,almost,soon,often,fast,rather,well,there,too are also adverbs.  adjectives with linking(copulative) verbs. These verbs must be modified my adjectives not adverbs. Be/become/remain/stay/appear/seem/sound/feel/look/smell/taste. Eg. feel bad, become tired,  Be/become/remain can also be followed by…

Modals

​modals +perfective. Modal +have+ pp. Could/may/might +perfective. (past possibility) It might have rained last night, but I am not sure. The cause of death could have been bacteria. John might have gone to the movies yesterday. should + perfective. An obligation that was supposed to occur in the past, but for some reason it did…